Bolivia has been constituted in the South American, geopolitically most important country. And for several reasons: it is the natural passage for the communication of «Atlantic-Pacific integration corridors», also called «bioceanic axes». In the Face of the energy crisis in the region, the Bolivian subsoil keeps the largest reserves of natural gas, which is why it presents itself as the most important actor in the project of the South American energy ring. But the statistical figures indicate that it maintains the poorest population, living from political freedom, a permanent national revolution, and a social revolution.
Since The Republic was founded (1825), the coup d’état has constituted an institution in Bolivia, In its 180 years of independent life, almost two hundred revolutions or coups of State have occurred. Hence, instead of the 45 rulers who every four years, under the democratic system, would have had to govern from the Burned Palace, more than 74 have occupied it, in most of the military field.
The relationship between national revolution and social revolution
A balanced relationship between these two concepts implies, logically, a harmonious relationship between economic development and social development; A key issue of all the liberation movements of the underdeveloped world, whatever the level of the process, both from a semi-industrial level like Chile, Brazil, Uruguay or that of any pastoral country in Africa.
It Is on the one hand to establish the prerequisites for the achievement of what has been termed «social justice»; But in turn to introduce from the beginning of certain budgets that contain the elements of a rise of life and the working conditions.
While It may seem very difficult for many to strike a balance between these two factors, I believe that giving the social component in economic development from the outset is the necessary condition for the movement not to end in a rupture of the Alliance of the forces that gave him origin.
In the case of Bolivia, as in other countries of our Latin America that dreams two centuries ago in the integration, which it hinders, the conflict arises encouraged by two factors always present in the national revolutions. One is purely objective. Another is of a subjective order.
The first is formed by the living and working conditions of the companies of the city and those of the countryside, which when passing from the underconsumption to a relative consumption are constituted in the internal market.
The second is the express will to participate in a leading way in the process of the great change, to achieve the new process new conquests and to promote that change always forward.
The question that overwhelms the movements they pose-many times without deepening the political strategies to follow, to that great change-focuses on is it possible a continuous rise in the living and working conditions of the national population, «pari pasu» with its Economic development?
Seeing, briefly, the situation, the answer and the question raised, I believe that it does not allow hesitation: it is Not possible-or just-an economic development that is not accompanied by a continuous rise in the living and working conditions of the sectors Social delays until yesterday.
With the auspices of the immense reserve gas that underlies certain regions of Bolivia, so it is scoring-and with the participation of the Government of Washington-the drama of the Bolivian political situation provokes an incessant struggle with nuances of » National Revolution «which fortunately did not reach to be consolidated despite the efforts of Evo Morales and, therefore, is presented as a» social revolution of opinion «.
The truth is that Bolivian society has not been able to generate enough force to overcome the contradiction that does not know how to define, between the national and the social. In the more recent years, one warns, fortunately, that a tendency is constructed where the two elements quoted (national and social) are slowly identifying and can be constituted in two inescindibles segments of the same process.
In the geopolitical process of a State, the trend-the necessary historical-is only carried out in long periods. In the course of the process the historically necessary tendencies are often crossed and distorted by the overlapping of external and internal factors.
The years of submission to the interests of the mining of the silver, with the influence of feudal owner (the «Threads» of the Patiño, Hochschil and Aramayo), In the case of Bolivia its secular lawsuit with Chile by the exit to the Sea (1879); The Chaco War with Paraguay caused by the US oil Greed (1932); The border problems with Argentina and Brazil, the temptations of complementation with the Peruvian ports.
The background problems of the regional process
Faced with the dynamic and opportunities contradictory process of Ibero-America, one wonders what are the problems of substance, which in essence presides the happening not seldom tragic of our history.
There Is no doubt that two fundamental factors result from the instability of the economic structure on the one hand and, in turn, from its diversity of the social structure on the other. Both factors exacerbated by the ideological and personalistic atomization of the various political parties in each country.
ALL of Latin America, must understand that the first point of the agenda to discuss in this crucial world time is involved in creating a dynamic regional organization, where the most important factor of a common Latin American foreign policy, consensual, just We’ve begun to glimpse.